Diseases that we can control but not cure are called chronic diseases. They are not acute diseases in that they progress slowly and usually build over a long time. Examples of chronic diseases are diabetes, chronic kidney disease, stroke, some forms of cancer, coronary artery disease, autoimmune disease, etc.
The world health organization has reported that chronic diseases account for 63% of deaths in the world and are the leading cause for death. Chronic diseases like Alzheimer’s disease may also lead to loss of motor functions.
Chronic diseases may be the most common diseases in the world, but they can also be prevented and effectively controlled. One of the reasons for chronic disease is physical activity or rather the lack of it. Other causes are poor nutrition, excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco use.
Symptoms of chronic diseases may include pain - diseases like arthritis, nerve pain in diabetes, fatigue - in heart and lung conditions. Weight gain is another symptom. For example people with gastrointestinal diseases may develop weight problems. Weight gain is also a problem in diabetes and hypothyroidism. Depression often classified as a chronic disease is also a symptom of other chronic diseases such as lupus and hypothyroidism.
Apart from Western or conventional medicine, many types of alternative medical treatments such as Acupressure, Yoga, meditation, Ayurvedic medicine, and herbal medicine are also popular in the treatment and prevention of chronic diseases.
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