The study of the musculoskeletal system is known as orthopedics (or orthopaedics). It involves the study of bones, joints, spine, knee, hand, foot, shoulder, tendons, ligaments, nerves and muscles. Orthopedics is also a branch of surgery and doctors trained in orthopedics are called orthopedists.
There are also a number of non surgical interventions and treatments for orthopedic problems. They include occupational therapy, podiatric medicine, physiotherapy, kinesology. If the ailment requires surgical intervention, they are performed by orthopedic or podiatic surgeons.
Orthopedic surgery may be required for injuries sustained during musculoskeletal trauma, degenerative diseases, tumors, infections, congenital disorders, and sports injuries. Some new surgical treatments like arthroscopic surgery involving minimal invasive surgery for knee replacement have been pioneered.
Arthroscopic surgery helps patients recover from surgeries in days rather than the weeks or months that may be required in other conventional open forms of surgery. Arthroplasrty, or hip replacement has also become popular.
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